Koteba is a form of social satire played in a burlesque in the villages of the Mandingo area of Mali. Once a year, the city’s vices are put on in a show and mocked in a public square. This secular tradition still exists in the countryside but numerous changes have seen the light of day since the 1980s. A movement organized by comedians transposed it to an urban setting, and its immense popularity hugely impacted Mali’s political climate. Therapeutic Koteba, televised Koteba, publicized Koteba… “Koteba Nights” presents the different aspects and adaptations of this form of expression, typically African and deeply universal.